Reading Time: 3 minutes
Project Management – besides being one of the fastest-growing attributions in the organizational environment in most modern companies – has become a skill that is highly required by the leaders of organizations with their employees, regardless of the areas they belong to.
Having the ability to start a project, track its progress, ensure quality and budget are met, and successfully close it is just one north of the role’s primary goals.
In this blog post, we will review how projects are applied in different ways in companies, the role and fundamental skills that a project manager needs to have and develop, and some tips for free courses so that the learning process about the area is constantly updated.
But first of all…
Do you know what a project is?
According to EUAX Consulting, a project: “is a temporary effort because it has a beginning, a middle, and an end. That is, you can assign a start date and an end date to every project. This does not apply, for example, to a process, as processes are repeated. Therefore, they are cyclical, continuous. […] A project creates a unique product, service or result because no project is equal to another”.
In short, a project has a specific objective and a finite cycle. And as a process, it can be repeated and constant.
What about project management?
In a simple way, Project Management structures the project through planning, execution, monitoring, and action, based on the PDCA cycle. For this, it is necessary to develop and specify the scope well, understand the availability of resources (human, financial, and material), prepare a schedule of activities and costs involved, and map possible project risks.
The idea of having everything well defined from the star aims to align the team that will carry out the project and the client, so that:
- Both are aware of everything.
- The risk of failures in the middle of the process is as small as possible.
- The project meets the needs initially established.
Logically, given a very volatile scenario, the project may change its course. However, the objectives need to be clear so that, even if the way of doing things changes, the end result is as assertive as possible.
Main methods of project management
Waterfall Method: This method is suitable for more static projects, that is, with well-defined requirements, in which changes are not expected. You can also use it when you need to make adaptations or improvements to an existing product or service, like software development, especially when very predictable and systematic steps are needed.
However, given the changing scenario, dozens of companies choose the agile method to develop a new product or service in this segment.
Agile Method: This is the exact opposite of Waterfall as it offers a more flexible iterative approach that features shorter cycles. In this case, lean development and the creation of MVPs or minimum viable products at specific durations and offering improvements with each new iteration. In addition, teamwork, continuous improvement, constant feedback, and the ability to adapt to changing project requirements are fundamental to agile methodologies.
The role of the project manager and the primary skills needed for the role
The project manager is the professional who has a strategic role in the organization, as he is responsible for having a systemic view of the project, whether through planning, coordination, and monitoring or by motivating people and directing their purposes to the project’s objectives in question. The project manager does not need to know how to do everything alone or master all areas in-depth but must have the necessary feeling to notice when something is not going well.
Therefore, in your daily life, it is necessary to put into practice skills such as:
- Planning and organization;
- Ability to communicate efficiently;
- Manage risks and conflicts;
- Ability to motivate people;
- Be a good listener;
- Make decisions quickly;
- Value the sustainability of the project and the company.
Project Management Career Tips
Google has one of the most organized and admired project management methodologies in the world. The good thing about all this is that they decided to share this knowledge with professionals, regardless of their area of expertise, through a professional certification transmitted by Coursera. The course has six modules, from the most general to the most specific. It’s worth doing the introductory course to spark interest in doing the next ones! Here’s the link: Google Project Management Certification.